Phonics Teaching at Monkfrith

Foundation Stage and KS1 – Phonics

At Monkfrith, we follow the Letters and Sounds programme for the systematic teaching of phonics. This resource was published by the Department for Education in 2007 and sets out principles and practices for high quality phonics teaching and learning to enable them to become fluent and confident readers by the age of 7. Further information can be found at:

It is structured into 6 overlapping areas:

PhasePhonic Knowledge and Skills
Phase One (Nursery/Reception)Activities are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.
Phase Two (Reception) up to 6 weeksLearning 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting words into their separate sounds. Beginning to read simple captions.
Phase Three (Reception) up to 12 weeksThe remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each. Graphemes such as ch, oo, th representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters. Reading captions, sentences and questions. On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the “simple code”, i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language.
Phase Four (Reception) 4 to 6 weeksNo new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segent longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump.
Phase Five (Throughout Year 1)Now we move on to the “complex code”. Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes, which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.
Phase Six (Throughout Year 2 and beyond, as appropriate, based on child need)Working on spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters etc.